THE EFFECT OF GIVING BENGKOANG JUICE (PACHYRRHIZUS EROSUS) ON BLOOD CHOLESTEROL LEVELS AND COMFORT COMPLAINTS TO MENOPAUSE WOMEN IN BENGKULU CITY

  • Kurnia Dewiani Universitas Bengkulu
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35890/jkdh.v9i1.142 Abstract Views: 62 | PDF Downloads: 65

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
  
Keywords: bengkoang juice, cholesterol levels, menopouse discomfort complaint, soymilk

Abstract

Most of the women have been experienced with menopausal syndrome 70-80 %. Estrogen and progesterone hormones activity decrease which the result of the cessation of menstruation followed by various physical and psychological changes. Blood cholesterol levels and complaints of discomfort are the effects of pre and menopause. Reducing the effect of menopause could be done with non-pharmacologically by utilizing natural materials that are easily available, cheap and minimal negative side effects, namely by consuming Bengkoang juice regularly for 21 days. This research aims to recognize the effect of giving Bengkoang juice by cholesterol levels and complaints of discomfort during menopause

This research was a quasi-experimental pre-posttest with control group design. 30 pre and menopausal women participated in their resident of Tanah Patah Village, Bengkulu City with a purposive sampling technique was divided into two groups by simple random sampling. Each group was consisting of 15 women for treatment (Bengkoang juice) and control (soy milk). Assessment of cholesterol levels through an examination used a stick of cholesterol (easy touch), complaints used the questionnaire complaints, and respondents' compliance used the observation sheet. Statistical testing was applied paired T-Test analysis to see differences in cholesterol levels and complaints of discomfort between the two study groups with the significance of the test results based on p <0.05.

The results present a decrease in cholesterol levels and complaints in both groups with a p-value <0.05. Furthermore, in terms of decreased levels of cholesterol (33%) and complaints (45%) were higher than the control group namely cholesterol levels (11%) and complaints ( 21%). This research concluded that the effect of Bengkoang juice on cholesterol levels and complaints of discomfort during menopause is confirmed.

References

Anagnostis, P., Stevenson, J. C., Crook, D., Johnston, D. G., & Godsland, I. F. (2015). Effects of menopause, gender and age on lipids and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol subfractions. Maturitas, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2015.02.262
Andrews, G. (2009). Buku ajar kesehatan reproduksi wanita. Jakarta: EGC.
Auro, K., Joensuu, A., Fischer, K., Kettunen, J., Salo, P., Mattsson, H., et al. (2014). A metabolic view on menopause and ageing. Nature Communications, 5, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5708
Chahal, H. S., & Drake, W. M. (2007). The endocrine system and ageing. The Journal of Pathology: A Journal of the Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 211(2), 173–180.
Eden, J. A. (2012). Phytoestrogens for menopausal symptoms: a review. Maturitas, 72(2), 157–159.
Jenkins, D. J. A., Mirrahimi, A., Srichaikul, K., Berryman, C. E., Wang, L., Carleton, A., et al. (2010). Soy Protein Reduces Serum Cholesterol by Both Intrinsic and Food Displacement Mechanisms. The Journal of Nutrition, 140(12), 2302S-2311S. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.124958
Jeong, S. C., Jeong, Y. T., Yang, B. K., Islam, R., Koyyalamudi, S. R., Pang, G., et al. (2010). White button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) lowers blood glucose and cholesterol levels in diabetic and hypercholesterolemic rats. Nutrition Research, 30(1), 49–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2009.12.003
Kietsiriroje, N., Kwankaew, J., Kitpakornsanti, S., & Leelawattana, R. (2015). Effect of phytosterols and inulin-enriched soymilk on LDL-cholesterol in Thai subjects : a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Lipids in Health and Disease, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12944-015-0149-4
Kumalaningsih, I. S. (2008). Sehat dan Bahagia Menjelang dan saat Menopause. Tiara Aksa.
Lethaby, A., Marjoribanks, J., Kronenberg, F., Roberts, H., Eden, J., & Brown, J. (2013). Phytoestrogens for menopausal vasomotor symptoms. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (12).
Lukitaningsih, E. (2012). Fitoestrogen: senyawa alami yang aman sebagai pengganti hormon estrogen pada wanita. Media Informasi Penelitian Herbal Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.
Nurrochmad, A., Leviana, F., Wulancarsari, C. G., & Lukitaningsih, E. (2010). Phytoestrogens of Pachyrhizus erosus prevent bone loss in an ovariectomized rat model of osteoporosis. International Journal of Phytomedicine, 2(4).
Obat, B. P., & Makanan, R. I. (2010). Acuan Sediaan Herbal. Volume Kelima Edisi I. Jakarta: Badan Pengawas Obat Dan Makan Republik Indonesia.
Park, C. J., & Han, J. S. (2015). Hypoglycemic effect of jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus) extract on streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, 20(2), 88–93. https://doi.org/10.3746/pnf.2015.20.2.88
Pratiwi, N. (2010). Hubungan high density lipoprotein dengan penurunan fungsi kognitif pada wanita post menopause. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.
Rahman, M. K., & Probosari, E. (2014). Perbedaan Kadar Kolesterol Ldl dan Hdl Sebelum dan Setelah Pemberian Sari Bengkuang (Pachyrrhizus Erosus) pada Wanita. Diponegoro University.
Schierbeck, L. L., Rejnmark, L., Tofteng, C. L., Stilgren, L., Eiken, P., Mosekilde, L., et al. (2012). Effect of hormone replacement therapy on cardiovascular events in recently postmenopausal women: randomised trial. Bmj, 345, e6409.
Swapnali, R. K., Kisan, R., & Murthy, D. S. J. (2011). Effect of Menopause on Lipid Profile and Apolipoproteins. Journal of Medicine (Cincinnati), 4(3), 221–228.
Vermeulen, A. (1993). Environment, human reproduction, menopause, and andropause. Environmental Health Perspectives, 101(suppl 2), 91–100.
Widiyanti, Y. A., Diana, W. O., Khairina, A., & Hasibuan, H. (2018). Effect of Variation Time Storage Bengkoang ( Pachyrrhizuserozus ) to Cholesterol and Lypase Activities Rattus norvegicus. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 98(Icpsuas 2017), 234–238.
Published
2020-04-05
How to Cite
DewianiK. (2020). THE EFFECT OF GIVING BENGKOANG JUICE (PACHYRRHIZUS EROSUS) ON BLOOD CHOLESTEROL LEVELS AND COMFORT COMPLAINTS TO MENOPAUSE WOMEN IN BENGKULU CITY. JURNAL KEBIDANAN, 9(1), 37 - 44. https://doi.org/10.35890/jkdh.v9i1.142